# Rotation

Rotation may be viewed as "spin" around a central axis. See also Vibration and Revolution.

Keely
"The aerial propeller has a sympathetic polar accumulator and disperser in one instrument, which is entirely distinct from any of the devices intended for terrestrial use; also other mechanical adjuncts not needed on land nor water.

All forms of non-sympathetic machinery have, associated with them, conditions of centrifugal force on the ratio of the velocity induced; the diverging power from the center of induction being governed specifically by its gravital weight according to the diameter it occupies in its circle of rotation.

In a sympathetic negative circuit this order of conditions is reversed; for the power of neutral attraction draws the molecules of any mass, no matter what the weight, toward the center of rotation (instead of toward its periphery) according to the intensity of the negative vibration that is induced upon that particular circle.

Our earth, in its routine of revolution, is governed by the same law in every particular; its mass tending toward its centre of neutrality with a force that is equivalent to the character and velocity of its rotation.(3) If its rotation were increased, the tendency of everything associated with it would be increased toward its centre of neutrality on the same ratio. That is, a pound in weight would, under certain conditions of increased velocity, become two pounds in weight. The laws governing the sympathetic rotation of vibratory machinery are the same laws that govern planetary suspension. To those who have not witnessed the operation of my devices, my theories must indeed seem wild; but the laws of nature are the same yesterday today and forever. They know no change; and sympathetic physics, demonstrated mechanically, must triumph over all ridicule and opposition in the end. To contradict the laws governing sympathetic rotation is to contradict the laws governing planetary suspension, as I am prepared to demonstrate.

If the earth were rotated on a shaft by mechanical force, the present condition of its rotations would be reversed; everything on its surface would fly off at a tangent, on the ratio of the velocity induced. The equilibrium of all things would also be changed.

The gyroscope reveals astounding facts in relation to this philosophy, even when operated mechanically. No other known device is so nearly associated with sympathetic vibratory physics.

The vitalization of the disks for the polar and depolar field is established on the ratio of thirds, sixths, and ninths; the ninths being the circuit occupied by the polar field, must represent, in the scale of vitalized focalized intensity, 100 in my system: sixths in the depolar field, or 66 2/3; and in the neutral field, or thirds, 33 1/3. The triplets must represent one true chord of equation. The sympathetic transmitter transfers any degree of intensity desired from zero up to disintegration; all the transfers being made above the line of the first inaudible, as associated with my resonating system of transfer. On the sixths and ninths, in the progressive triple subdivision of the elements (4) of water, the nearest sympathetic approach is made to the high luminous, which is the main sympathetic link to the earth's polar negative envelope, and the one whereby coordination is effected for commercial work. In short, this progressive condition establishes the necessary association between celestial radiation and terrestrial outreach, in regard to controlling the polar negative attractive force in mechanics; whether for aerial navigation or for terrestrial commercial work, in all its multiplied forms.

The atmospheric envelope of our earth owes its activity and its volume entirely to celestial radiating forces.(5) Reception and dispersion are kept up by atomic and interatomic conflict between the dominant and enharmonic currents of the triune polar stream. The harmonic and enharmonic current with the dominant (in the electric stream) by their sympathetic association evolve the energy of matter.

The mechanical proof of the correctness of my theories, in sympathetic or spiritual physics, is so overwhelming in its simplicity that it needs but to be witnessed to convince the most learned or the most simple mind that this system will place both science and commerce on a platform which will elevate each to a level far higher than those they now occupy." [The Operation of the Vibratory Circuit]

"The laws governing the polar current are intimately concerned in the phenomena of rotation." [POLAR CURRENT]

Keely pursued the line of "invention" instead of "discovery" from 1872, and his thoughts were thus concentrated until 1882. Engine after engine was scrapped as old metal, in his failures to construct one that would keep up the rotary motion of the ether that was necessary to hold it in any structure. Explosion after explosion occurred, sometimes harmless, at other times laying him up for weeks. He spent two more years endeavoring to devise an automatic control to enable the machine for liberating the energy to be handled by an operator and in 1884 he stated he was commencing to make real progress. [Snell Manuscript - The Book, page 2]

"So stood matters with Mr. Keely until a few years ago, when, fortunately for his hopes of success, a new conception came to him by accident, as he asserts; one of those happy accidents, it would appear, which only men of the unusual capacity called genius are ready to take advantage of. Just what this conception was, Mr. Keely, with business-like caution, keeps to himself. The public, for the present at least, must be content with its visible results; but these are sufficiently noteworthy to amply repay consideration. They indicate two things: First, that Mr. Keely is no longer dealing with a power arising from gaseous pressure; and, second, that he has made this power capable of producing rotation, levitation, and other effects of mechanical energy. What he claims, in regard to the source of his new system of power, is that he is able to draw vibratory energy directly from space by the aid of special resonating expedients, and that this energy can be made to yield powerful attractive and repulsive force and be converted into vigorous rotary motion through the use of certain apparatus. The power obtained, he asserts, is duplex, or has two opposed conditions, like the positive and negative states of electricity. Mr. Keely denominates these conditions positive and negative, though with the reservation that these terms do not imply excess and deficiency, but simply opposite conditions of energy. He is able, he declares, to disturb the equilibrium of these opposed states of vibratory activity as they exist in the elements of nature, to draw them separately into his apparatus, and to produce mechanical motion as a result of the effort of nature to restore the disturbed equilibrium." [Apergy - Power Without Cost]

"Recently some questions, propounded to Mr. Keely by a scientist, elicited answers which the man of science admitted were clear and definite, but no physicist could accept Keely's assertion that incalculable amounts of latent force exist in the molecular space, for the simple reason that science asserts that molecular aggregation is attended with dissipation of energy instead of its absorption. The questions asked were:-

I. "In disintegrating water, how many foot-pounds of energy have you to expend in order or produce or induce the vibratory energy in your acoustical apparatus?"

Answer.- "No foot-pounds at all. The force necessary to excite disintegration when the instrument is sensitized, both in sensitization and development, would not be sufficient to wind up a watch."

II. "What is the amount of energy that you get out of that initial amount of water, say twelve drops, when decomposed into ether?"

Answer.- "From twelve drops of water a force can be developed that will fill a chamber of seven pint volume no less than six times with a pressure of ten tons to the square inch."

III. "In other words, if you put so many pounds of energy into vibratory motion, how many foot-pounds do you get out of this?"

Answer.- "All molecular masses of metal represent in their interstitial molecular spaces incalculable amounts of latent force, which if awakened and brought into intense vibratory action by the medium of sympathetic liberation, would result in thousands of billions more power in foot-pounds than that necessary to awaken it. The resultant development of any and all forces is only accomplished by conditions that awaken the latent energy they have carried with them during molecular aggregation. If the latent force that exists in a pound of water could be sympathetically evolved or liberated up to the seventh subdivision or compound interetheric, and could be stored free of rotation, it would be in my estimation sufficient to run the power of the world for a century." [Vibratory Physics - True Science]

"Science will in time classify the important modifications of the one force in nature as sympathetic streams, each stream composed of triple flows. Keely maintains that the static condition which the magnetic needle assumes when undisturbed by any extraneous force outside of its own sympathetic one, proves conclusively that the power of the dominant third, of the triple combination of the magnetic terrestrial envelope, is the controlling one of this sympathetic triplet, and the one towards which all the others coordinate. All the dominant conditions of nature represent the focal centers towards which like surrounding ones become sympathetically subservient. The rapid rotation of the magnetic needle of a compass shown in his experiments rests entirely on the alternating of the dominant alone, effected by a triple condition of vibration that is antagonistic to its harmonious flow as associated with its other attendants. A rapid change of polarity is induced and rapid rotation necessarily follows. [Snell Manuscript - The Book, DISTURBANCE OF MAGNETIC NEEDLE, page 8]

"The human ear cannot detect the triple chord of any vibration, or sounding note but every sound that is induced of any range, high or low, is governed by the same laws, as regards triple action of such that govern every sympathetic flow in Nature. Were it not for these triple vibratory conditions, change of polarity could never be effected, and consequently there could be no rotation. Thus the compounding of the triple triple, to produce the effect would give a vibration in multiplication reaching the ninth, in order to induce subservience, the enumeration which it would be folly to undertake, as the result would be a string of figures a mile in length to denote it. [Snell Manuscript - The Book, DISTURBANCE OF MAGNETIC NEEDLE, page 8]

"When the proper impulse is given to induce the rotation with pure alternating corpuscular action, the condition of action become perpetual in their character, lasting long enough from that one impulse to wear out any machine denoting such action, and on the sympathetic stream eternally perpetual. The action of the neutral or focalizing centers represents molecular focalization and redistribution, not having any magnetism associated with them, but when the radiating arms of their centers are submitted to the triple compound vibratory force, representing their mass thirds, they become magnetic and consequently cease their rotation. Their rotation is induced by submitting them to three different orders of vibration, simultaneously giving the majority to the harmonic third." (Keely) [Snell Manuscript - The Book, DISTURBANCE OF MAGNETIC NEEDLE, page 8]

"Sympathetic Negative Attraction is the same as cohesion. It is not the resultant of electrical sympathization, but it includes the full triune flow, the Dominant being the leader and associate of the celestial. The sympathetic outreach of negative attraction is the power that holds the planetary masses in their orbital ranges of oscillatory action. Magnetism has no Outreach, but it pervades all terrestrial masses, all planetary masses. It is highly electrical in its character, in fact, magnetism is born of Electricity, whereas negative attraction is not, but it has a sympathetic outreach for magnetism. Magnetism is static. Sympathetic Negative Attraction reaches from planet to planet, but Electricity does not, nor does magnetism. Sympathetic Negative Attraction is born of the celestial, and impregnates every mass that floats in space, seeking out all magnetic or electric conditions, and all these masses are subservient to celestial outreach. All the magnets in the world could not induce rotation, no matter how differentiated, but polar negative attraction induces rotation." Keely, [Snell Manuscript]

Figure 19.08 - Keely Chart - Key to Vibratory Rotation. (Colors and Indig Numbers added)

"Rotation arises from the harmonic interaction of the dominant and enharmonic modes of vibration, which are in the ratio of 3:9.

"Power of rotation comes on the positive power of negation, arising when the receptive flows become independent of the circular chord of resonation (set up mechanically or otherwise) breaks up the rotational power. Rotation is caused by the receptive concussion of the positive and negative forces as they come together at the neutral center and as each seeks its "coincident" by harmonic waves, flows or streams."

"Every body capable of rotation is susceptible to the operation of force, which, applied, impels motion. Receptive transmittive concordance induces rotation. This simply means - the reception of streams of energy by the neutral center, and the transforming of them into radiant outflowing streams of energy causes rotation of the molecule or mass. All the magnets in the world, no matter how differentiated cannot induce rotation, but polar negative attraction induces rotation. The earth's rotation is caused and kept in continuance by the action of the positive and negative sympathetic celestial streams, that is, by the inflowing celestial from the sun and the outflowing radiant celestial dispersing this same energy to all planetary masses in space.

"Polar and depolar differentiation result in motion. The compound interetheric or seventh subdivision is the Soul of Matter, from which all forms of matter receive their introductory impulse."

"The neutral center represents only focalization and distribution of the streams of energy. It is not associated with magnetism. When the radiant elements generated by the focalizing chord are submitted to compound vibration of their mass thirds, those radiant elements become magnetic and rotation ceases. Rotation is induced by submitting the mass to three different orders of vibration simultaneously, giving the majority to the harmonic third.

"When we rotate a mass with sufficient rapidity, the particles of that mass ultimately overcome cohesion by dispersing as fragments at a tangent but should we cause rotation of the ether, this would produce condensation, which is opposite in effect. This condensation effect increases with the velocity of rotation of the ether. This is the direct cause of formation of molecules as well as planetary masses.

"To control rotational force or produce commercialized energy, we must control through its properties the "negative attractive" or "enharmonic" current. This will solve the problem up to any limit of power.

"At the same time Keely was completing his third system, he was also completing an experimental sphere in which he intended to test the combination of the positive and negative rotation. This experiment was at least entirely successful which showed the explanation of rotation given above, to be correct. The sphere even rotated with physical vibrations from the positive and negative interchange of positive and negative waves - not streams in this case. He had a desperate struggle in seeking to learn these laws of polarization and depolarization. It was necessary for him to understand these laws before he could unfailingly secure rotation and control the reversions which so often had made wrecks of his machines." Snell Manuscript

"The series of experiments, daily for one week, that I am now preparing to give before an expert committee, for the purpose of enabling this committee to make a public announcement of the scientific and commercial value of my system of sympathetic vibratory physics, comprises:

First. - Operation of the polar circuit, drawing power from space, and showing control of various degrees of velocity.

Second. - Sensitization of a polar disk, after having had its complete neutrality to magnetism tested.

Third. - After associating it with the polar test-medium, heavily weighting it to demonstrate its attractive power; the weight remaining suspended to it by this power.(7)

Fourth. - Transmitter connected to the test-medium, while the disk is carrying the weight. Negative vibration transferred; effecting complete dissociation; the disk and weights dropping to the floor.

Fifth. - Rotation of compass needle, on a set of resonators, subservient to any one of the resonators, in defiance of its attraction to the north. Variations given; changing its subservience to different resonators, as the introductory impulse is changed.(8)

Sixth. - Mediums, representing the chords of different masses of metal, made to float in a tall jar of water, with extraordinary changes of position.

Seventh. - Operations of a sensitized globe, by sound.

Eighth. - Operations of the globe under the influence of the improved polar sympathetic transmitter.

Ninth. - Disintegration of water by triple vibration,(9) showing progressive degrees of energy (from molecular to interatomic, etc., etc.) on different rates of transfer." [The Operation of the Vibratory Circuit]

Rotary Action
"I will try to make comprehensible the computation of the number (even to infinity) of the corpuscular oscillations, induced on the introductory ninths, over their normal standard. The molecules of all visible masses, when not influenced by surrounding acoustic vibratory impulses, move at a rate of 20,000 oscillations per second, one third of their diameters. We have before us one of these masses, either a silver dollar, a pound weight, a horseshoe, or any other metallic medium, which I associate to one of my nodal transmitters, the other end of which is attached to the clustered thirds (or third octave) of my focalizing neutral concentrator. Another transmitter, of gold, silver and platina sections, is attached to the sixth cluster of same disk, the other end of which is connected to resonating sphere on my compound instrument, all of which must be brought to a state of complete rest. Then, a slight tap, with a vulcanite rubber hammer on the Chladni resonating disk, will accelerate the 20,000 molecular oscillations to 180,000 per second, an increase of nine times the normal number. The nine nodes each touching the extreme end, next the mass operated upon, in this arrangement, silver, gold, platina, make up the nine. When I associate the seventh, I start with gold and end with platina, always on the triplets. Silver represents the lowest introductory third, gold the next and platina the highest. If we start with a gold node, the multiplication on oscillation will be nine times nine or 81 times the 20,000 which is 1,620,000 per second. Each node represents one wave length of a certain number of vibrations when shifted along the transmitter, over the section representing its opposite metal. The shifting of the gold one over the silver extreme section will hold the corpuscular range of the mass velocity at 1,620,000 per second, the introductory chord being set at B third octave. It requires an accelerated oscillation on the molecules of a soft steel mass, at that chord, of a transmissive multiplication of the full nine, in order to induce rotary action on the neutral center, indicator of focalizing disk, which, by computation, means, per second, 156,057,552,198,220,000 corpuscular intermittent oscillations to move the disk 110 revolutions per second. This represents the multiplication on the first nodal dissociator of the ninth. The second transition, on the same would mean this number multiplied by itself, and the residue (product) of each multiplication by itself 81 times progressively. This throws us infinitely far beyond computation leaving us only on the second of the full ninth, towards reaching the sympathetic corpuscular velocity attending the high luminiferous. I have induced rotation up to 123 revolutions per second to accomplish, but even this vibration represents only a minute fraction of the conditions governing the sympathetic vitality which exists in the far luminous centers." [CJBM, Keely and His Discoveries]

Rotation of Dynasphere
"In the conception of any machine heretofore constructed, the medium for inducing a neutral center has never been found. If it had, the difficulties of perpetual motion seekers would have ended, and this problem would have become an established and operating fact. It would only require an introductory impulse of a few pounds, on such a device, to cause it to run for centuries. In the conception of my vibratory engine, I did not seek to attain perpetual motion; but a circuit is formed that actually has a neutral center, which is in a condition to be vivified by my vibratory ether, and while under operation, by said substance, is really a machine that is virtually independent of the mass (or globe), and it is the wonderful velocity of the vibratory circuit which makes it so. Still, with all its perfection, it requires to be fed with the vibratory ether to make it an independent motor. . . ." [Keely, More Science]

"The system of arranging introductory etheric impulses by compound chords set by differential harmonies is one that the world of science has never recognized. Beyond disintegration lies dispersion, and it is as easy to disperse as to disintegrate."

His first system requires introductory mediums of differential gravities air as one, and water as the other, to disturb equilibrium and liberate the etheric vapor. This subdivision only reaches the interatomic position and the "atomic and molecular leads" were submerged in the Generator he then used. He could not go beyond the atomic with his instrument and could not dispense with water until the Liberator was invented. In his first system he did not reach full maximum line of vibration. His first system embraced Generator, Engine and Gun.

His second system he considered complete as far as liberation of the ether is concerned but was not perfected so as to assure safety to the operator. His sundry devices for indicating and governing the vibratory etheric circuit also left much to be desired.

His third system embraced aerial and submarine navigation. He was then completing an experimental sphere intended to test the combination of the positive and negative in rotary action. [DISINTEGRATION OF MATTER - THREE SYSTEMS]

Sympathetic Rotation
"The sympathetic rotation that exists in the resonating centre of this ring holds the neutral center in subservience to celestial radiation, whereby a certain order of sympathetic disturbances gives the sympathetic radiation the requisite power to draw it to itself, accomplishing what is called atmospheric suspension on the same principle as that of sympathetic suspension." [Keely, A Newton of the Mind]

Rotary Motion
Keely pursued the line of "invention" instead of "discovery" from 1872, and his thoughts were thus concentrated until 1882. Engine after engine was scrapped as old metal, in his failures to construct one that would keep up the rotary motion of the ether that was necessary to hold it in any structure. Explosion after explosion occurred, sometimes harmless, at other times laying him up for weeks. He spent two more years endeavoring to devise an automatic control to enable the machine for liberating the energy to be handled by an operator and in 1884 he stated he was commencing to make real progress. [Snell Manuscript - The Book, page 2]

Russell
"If you caused such an explosion in your six sided room the outward expansion would no longer be even. It would not even be spherical because of the four corners, which would have to be filled. The outward explosion could no longer produce straight radial lines, which would reflect back in straight radial lines. Every radial line would have to curve in the direction of its corners, and as they approached those corners their curvature would twist and increase in speed as they approached the corners. In a sphere all radial lines are equal, but in a cube the diagonals are longer than the diameters. This fact accounts for the curvature, the spin and the shaft. It also accounts for the disappearance of all curvature." [Atomic Suicide, page 289]

"In any mass the greater its speed of revolution, the greater its power to attract and to repel.

In any mass the greater its speed of rotation, the less its power to attract and repel." Russell, The Universal One, page 135

Rotation vs Revolution
"The maximum of working high potential in any mass is developed when opposition is at its maximum in poles concentrated to points of disappearance in its axis of rotation." [Russell, Genero-Radiative Concept]

"The rotation of every mass upon its axis, the revolution of every mass around the nucleus of its system, the evolution of magnetic poles and oblateness is due to resistance." [Russell, Genero-Radiative Concept]

Schauberger
For this reason the suction-turbine must also be braked by heavy operating loads, otherwise it would also over-accelerate and levitate. In this case, in lieu of the familiar resistances to motion, additional rotation and levitational forces evolve through the upsurging bio-magnetic rotary synthesising current. [The Energy Evolution - Harnessing Free Energy from Nature, Cadaverine Poison in Ray-Form - Ptomaine Radiation]

The raw materials out of which this fine matter arises under very specific preconditions, consist of the naturalesquely interred earthly remnants of former life. On no account are they senselessly and purposelessly reduced to dust and ashes, but once again, under particular preconditions, they develop into the 'peculiar' axis in the form of the formative and levitative current mentioned earlier. This spiritualising and uplifting current, which inwinds, upwardly impels and whirls around like a tornado, is partially condensed by the above heat-forms and can be readily measured and generated in any quantity and quality almost without cost. By means of this formative and levitative current all growth can be increased and qualitatively improved almost at will, and any weight can be lifted or moved indirectly at any desired speed rotationally and / or vertically with a power that increases by the square. [The Energy Evolution - Harnessing Free Energy from Nature, The Life-Current in Air and Water]

Schauberger
Many suggestions have already been made as to how losses in energy, pressure or velocity arising in the transport of liquids or gaseous media can be reduced. Thus for the purposes of inhibiting the formation of air-bubbles, which provoke an increase in the resistance to flow, a British Patent No. 409,528 for a pipe has been published, which is wound in a screw-form manner and its cross-sectional surfaces are formed by two arcs of a circle. From the British Patent No. 28,5343 of 1913 AD, the application of a pipe with an egg-shaped cross-section was made known, which was provided with flow-directing slats to inhibit the formation of vortices. In the U.S. Patent No. 1,655,197 as well as in the Schauberger - Swiss Patent No. 126637, cylindrical or conical pipes were proposed with the object of reducing friction by converting it into rotation, for which the pipe axis served as the rotational axis. Lastly, the Schauberger - Austrian Patent No. 28099 depicts the use of indented and twisted pipes. [The Energy Evolution - Harnessing Free Energy from Nature, Schauberger Patent 196680 - Pipe for Liquid and Gaseous Media]

ECE theory demonstrates that there are additional terms to be added to standard Maxwell Heaviside equations of conventional EM theory. These terms are the scalar and vector spin connection, ?0 and ?.
These terms can be considered as the time component of an axis of rotation and the space components of rotation respectively.
So, now the updated equation E = -(? + ?)? replaces the standard E = -?? where ? is the electric potential.
This added spin connection, ? allows electricity to be directly drawn from space as explained at the above mentioned websites.