"On the diatonic ninths, atomic vibration reaches 900,000,000; on the etheric sixths, 8,100,000,000 and on the interetheric ninths, 24,300,000,000 all of which can be demonstrated by sound colors." [KEELYS SECRETS - 1888]
The atoms and ions of a crystalline lattice, which are bonded with each other with considerable inter molecular forces, are not motionless. Due to the consistent vibration induced from thermal energy, they are permanently deviating from their equilibrium position. Elastic waves of different lengths, frequencies, and amplitudes run through crystalline solids at all times. The frequencies are typically of the order of 1013 Hz (1 terahertz), and the amplitudes are typically of the order of 10−11 m.
The process of the atomic vibrations is important for materials of different classes: for metallic, covalent, ionic crystals, semiconductors, intermetallic compounds, interstitial phases. The amplitude-frequency characteristics of the vibrating spectrum of an alloy can be varied, for example by alloying, to produce a well-directed effect on the properties of the materials.
The phenomena of atomic vibrations reflecting the interaction of micro-particles with each other depend on the deep properties of the medium. The vibrational amplitude and the vibrational spectrum are determined by interatomic bonds.
The basic tool for the measurement of the mean-square amplitude of vibrations is X-ray diffraction. The heat vibrational motion of atoms, affecting the atom displacements, results in a weakening of diffracted lines (reflections). By measuring the intensity of the same reflections at two temperatures (for example, at a room and a high temperature) one can calculate mean-square amplitudes of the atom vibrations.The amplitude of atomic vibrations depend on temperature of conductor.At higher temperature,atoms vibrate with larger amplitudes and hence motion of electrons is largely opposed due to more frequent collisions. This increases resistance of conductor.
Correct data about the frequency spectrum is provided with the help of the technique of the neutron scattering by solids. Wikipedia, Atomic Vibration
atomic Atomic - Sympsionics Data Page Atomic Arch Atomic Cluster Application Atomic Cluster Charge build-up Atomic Cluster Expansion Atomic Cluster Experimental Apparatus Atomic Cluster Heating Atomic Cluster Introduction Atomic Cluster Ionization Atomic Cluster Nuclear Fusion Atomic Cluster X-Ray Emission Atomic Clusters atomic disaggregation Atomic Dissociation atomic energy Atomic Force atomic grouping atomic intermolecular and molecular density Atomic Life atomic mass atomic nuclei atomic number atomic oscillation atomic pitch atomic rings Atomic Rotation atomic speed atomic system atomic systems atomic theory ATOMIC THIRD SUBDIVISION atomic triplet atomic triplets Atomic unit atomic weight attractive vibration Chapter 1 - What Is Atomic Energy - I page 3 Chapter 1 - What Is Atomic Energy - II page 6 Chapter 1 - What Is Atomic Energy - III page 13 Chapter 1 - What Is Atomic Energy - IV page 22 Chladni Plate Vibrations Co-vibration Compound Vibrations diatomic disturbance of atomic equilibrium electric vibration Electricity from Vibration ELECTRICITY FROM VIBRATION - Snell ENERGY FROM VIBRATION - CONDENSATION OF MATTER THROUGH VIBRATORY INDUCTION Equation by vibration Etheric Vibration. - The Key Force Figure 13.06 - Atomic Subdivision Force-Atomic FORCES DERIVED FROM INTRA-ATOMIC ENERGY - MOLECULAR FORCES, ELECTRICITY, SOLAR HEAT, ETC. Formation of Atomic Clusters Healing Vibration, Personal HEAT FROM VIBRATION HISTORY OF THE DISCOVERY OF THE DISSOCIATION OF MATTER, AND OF INTRA-ATOMIC ENERGY. INAUDIBLE VIBRATIONS INDUCTED VIBRATIONAL RANGES Interaction of Intense Laser Pulses with Atomic Clusters - Measurements of Ion Emission Simulations and Applications InterAtomic INTERATOMIC BOMBARDMENT INTERATOMIC FOURTH SUBDIVISION interatomic interference interatomic vibration intersympathetic vibration intra-atomic energy INTRA-ATOMIC ENERGY: ITS MAGNITUDE. Ion Energies from Atomic Cluster Explosions Law of Atomic Dissociation Law of Atomic Pitch Law of Corporeal Vibrations Law of Harmonic Vibrations Law of Oscillating Atomic Substances Law of Pitch of Atomic Oscillation Law of Sympathetic Vibration Law of Variation of Atomic Oscillation by Electricity Law of Variation of Atomic Oscillation by Sono-thermism Law of Variation of Atomic Oscillation by Temperature Law of Variation of Atomic Pitch by Electricity and Magnetism Law of Variation of Atomic Pitch by Rad-energy Law of Variation of Atomic Pitch by Temperature Law of Variation of Pitch of Atomic Oscillation by Pressure Laws of Vibration MASS VIBRATIONS Modes of Vibration Modes of Vibration - Annotated molecular vibration MOLECULAR VIBRATIONAL RANGE monatomic nodal vibration Numerical Simulation of an Atomic Cluster Explosion Orders of Vibration Part 08 - What Vibration Is. - Part 1 Part 09 - What Vibration Is. - Part 2 Part 13 - Rotation from Vibration and Oscillation Part 26 - Science of Sound Vibration Acoustics and Music PHYSICAL VIBRATIONS Planetary Vibration polyatomic Pressure produced by Vibration PRESSURES PRODUCED BY VIBRATION progressive vibration propulsive vibration propulsive vibrations receptive vibration REVOLVING SPHERE ROTATED BY VIBRATIONS ROTATION FROM VIBRATION Rotational-vibrational coupling Rovibrational coupling second atomic flow Sound and Vibration Definitions spiritual order of vibration subatomic sympathetic etheric vibration Sympathetic Resonant Vibration Sympathetic Vibration SYMPATHETIC VIBRATION - Snell Sympathetic Vibration in Healing Sympathetic Vibration in Plants Sympathetic Vibration Theory Sympathetic Vibration v Newtonian Physics Table 14.03 - Ranges of Forces Vibration Forms Types and Governing Laws The Nature and Dynamics of Vibration and Toroids THE PHENOMENA PROPERTIES AND LAWS OF VIBRATION ENERGY THE THEORY OF INTRA-ATOMIC ENERGY AND THE PASSING-AWAY OF MATTER. transmittive vibration TRANSMUTATION BY SYMPATHETIC VIBRATION Universal Vibration Vibration vibration fraction vibration ratio vibration signature VIBRATIONAL COINCIDENTS VIBRATIONAL FREQUENCIES VIBRATIONAL INTERFERENCE vibro-atomic what vibration Is 07 - Resonance Co-vibration or Sympathy of Tones 1.22 - Definitions of Vibration 13.04 - Atomic Subdivision 13.09 - Sphere Rotated by Vibrations 15.09 - Dissociating Water with Ultrasonic Vibration - Puharich 19.04 - Rotation from Vibration 3.14 - Vortex Theory of Atomic Motions 8.1 - Conventional View of Vibration 8.15 - Vibration 8.16 - Law of Corporeal Vibration 8.17 - Law of Harmonic Vibrations 8.2 - Oscillation versus Vibration 9.13 - Speed of Sonorous Vibrations