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atomic vibration

"On the enharmonic sixths, the vibration of the intermolecule is increased to 300,000,000.

"On the diatonic ninths, atomic vibration reaches 900,000,000; on the etheric sixths, 8,100,000,000 and on the interetheric ninths, 24,300,000,000 all of which can be demonstrated by sound colors." [KEELYS SECRETS - 1888]

The atoms and ions of a crystalline lattice, which are bonded with each other with considerable inter molecular forces, are not motionless. Due to the consistent vibration induced from thermal energy, they are permanently deviating from their equilibrium position. Elastic waves of different lengths, frequencies, and amplitudes run through crystalline solids at all times. The frequencies are typically of the order of 1013 Hz (1 terahertz), and the amplitudes are typically of the order of 10−11 m.

The process of the atomic vibrations is important for materials of different classes: for metallic, covalent, ionic crystals, semiconductors, intermetallic compounds, interstitial phases. The amplitude-frequency characteristics of the vibrating spectrum of an alloy can be varied, for example by alloying, to produce a well-directed effect on the properties of the materials.

The phenomena of atomic vibrations reflecting the interaction of micro-particles with each other depend on the deep properties of the medium. The vibrational amplitude and the vibrational spectrum are determined by interatomic bonds.

The basic tool for the measurement of the mean-square amplitude of vibrations is X-ray diffraction. The heat vibrational motion of atoms, affecting the atom displacements, results in a weakening of diffracted lines (reflections). By measuring the intensity of the same reflections at two temperatures (for example, at a room and a high temperature) one can calculate mean-square amplitudes of the atom vibrations.The amplitude of atomic vibrations depend on temperature of conductor.At higher temperature,atoms vibrate with larger amplitudes and hence motion of electrons is largely opposed due to more frequent collisions. This increases resistance of conductor.

Correct data about the frequency spectrum is provided with the help of the technique of the neutron scattering by solids. Wikipedia, Atomic Vibration

See Also

atomic
Atomic - Sympsionics Data Page
Atomic Arch
Atomic Cluster Application
Atomic Cluster Charge build-up
Atomic Cluster Expansion
Atomic Cluster Experimental Apparatus
Atomic Cluster Heating
Atomic Cluster Introduction
Atomic Cluster Ionization
Atomic Cluster Nuclear Fusion
Atomic Cluster X-Ray Emission
Atomic Clusters
atomic disaggregation
Atomic Dissociation
atomic energy
Atomic Force
atomic grouping
atomic intermolecular and molecular density
Atomic Life
atomic mass
atomic nuclei
atomic number
atomic oscillation
atomic pitch
atomic rings
Atomic Rotation
atomic speed
atomic system
atomic systems
atomic theory
ATOMIC THIRD SUBDIVISION
atomic triplet
atomic triplets
Atomic unit
atomic weight
attractive vibration
Chapter 1 - What Is Atomic Energy - I page 3
Chapter 1 - What Is Atomic Energy - II page 6
Chapter 1 - What Is Atomic Energy - III page 13
Chapter 1 - What Is Atomic Energy - IV page 22
Chladni Plate Vibrations
Co-vibration
Compound Vibrations
diatomic
disturbance of atomic equilibrium
electric vibration
Electricity from Vibration
ELECTRICITY FROM VIBRATION - Snell
ENERGY FROM VIBRATION - CONDENSATION OF MATTER THROUGH VIBRATORY INDUCTION
Equation by vibration
Etheric Vibration. - The Key Force
Figure 13.06 - Atomic Subdivision
Force-Atomic
FORCES DERIVED FROM INTRA-ATOMIC ENERGY - MOLECULAR FORCES, ELECTRICITY, SOLAR HEAT, ETC.
Formation of Atomic Clusters
Healing Vibration, Personal
HEAT FROM VIBRATION
HISTORY OF THE DISCOVERY OF THE DISSOCIATION OF MATTER, AND OF INTRA-ATOMIC ENERGY.
INAUDIBLE VIBRATIONS
INDUCTED VIBRATIONAL RANGES
Interaction of Intense Laser Pulses with Atomic Clusters - Measurements of Ion Emission Simulations and Applications
InterAtomic
INTERATOMIC BOMBARDMENT
INTERATOMIC FOURTH SUBDIVISION
interatomic interference
interatomic vibration
intersympathetic vibration
intra-atomic energy
INTRA-ATOMIC ENERGY: ITS MAGNITUDE.
Ion Energies from Atomic Cluster Explosions
Law of Atomic Dissociation
Law of Atomic Pitch
Law of Corporeal Vibrations
Law of Harmonic Vibrations
Law of Oscillating Atomic Substances
Law of Pitch of Atomic Oscillation
Law of Sympathetic Vibration
Law of Variation of Atomic Oscillation by Electricity
Law of Variation of Atomic Oscillation by Sono-thermism
Law of Variation of Atomic Oscillation by Temperature
Law of Variation of Atomic Pitch by Electricity and Magnetism
Law of Variation of Atomic Pitch by Rad-energy
Law of Variation of Atomic Pitch by Temperature
Law of Variation of Pitch of Atomic Oscillation by Pressure
Laws of Vibration
MASS VIBRATIONS
Modes of Vibration
Modes of Vibration - Annotated
molecular vibration
MOLECULAR VIBRATIONAL RANGE
monatomic
nodal vibration
Numerical Simulation of an Atomic Cluster Explosion
Orders of Vibration
Part 08 - What Vibration Is. - Part 1
Part 09 - What Vibration Is. - Part 2
Part 13 - Rotation from Vibration and Oscillation
Part 26 - Science of Sound Vibration Acoustics and Music
PHYSICAL VIBRATIONS
Planetary Vibration
polyatomic
Pressure produced by Vibration
PRESSURES PRODUCED BY VIBRATION
progressive vibration
propulsive vibration
propulsive vibrations
receptive vibration
REVOLVING SPHERE ROTATED BY VIBRATIONS
ROTATION FROM VIBRATION
Rotational-vibrational coupling
Rovibrational coupling
second atomic flow
Sound and Vibration Definitions
spiritual order of vibration
subatomic
sympathetic etheric vibration
Sympathetic Resonant Vibration
Sympathetic Vibration
SYMPATHETIC VIBRATION - Snell
Sympathetic Vibration in Healing
Sympathetic Vibration in Plants
Sympathetic Vibration Theory
Sympathetic Vibration v Newtonian Physics
Table 14.03 - Ranges of Forces Vibration Forms Types and Governing Laws
The Nature and Dynamics of Vibration and Toroids
THE PHENOMENA PROPERTIES AND LAWS OF VIBRATION ENERGY
THE THEORY OF INTRA-ATOMIC ENERGY AND THE PASSING-AWAY OF MATTER.
transmittive vibration
TRANSMUTATION BY SYMPATHETIC VIBRATION
Universal Vibration
Vibration
vibration fraction
vibration ratio
vibration signature
VIBRATIONAL COINCIDENTS
VIBRATIONAL FREQUENCIES
VIBRATIONAL INTERFERENCE
vibro-atomic
what vibration Is
07 - Resonance Co-vibration or Sympathy of Tones
1.22 - Definitions of Vibration
13.04 - Atomic Subdivision
13.09 - Sphere Rotated by Vibrations
15.09 - Dissociating Water with Ultrasonic Vibration - Puharich
19.04 - Rotation from Vibration
3.14 - Vortex Theory of Atomic Motions
8.1 - Conventional View of Vibration
8.15 - Vibration
8.16 - Law of Corporeal Vibration
8.17 - Law of Harmonic Vibrations
8.2 - Oscillation versus Vibration
9.13 - Speed of Sonorous Vibrations
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