Some faint idea of the infinite patience which the nature of Keely's work requires may be gained by a knowledge of his process of converting straight tubes into resonating rings. The tubes, in sections long enough to form a semicircle, are passed between triple rollers, which are set to give them a slight bend. They are then fastened to a bed-plate, and a steel ball, the exact diameter of the interior of the tube, is passed into it and forced through it. It is then passed between the rollers again; which are set so as to slightly increase the curvature, and again the interior of the tube is corrected by the steel ball. This process is intermittently continued until the semicircle is reached. Each process of bending and correcting requires over two hours. Eighty bends are sometimes necessary for the completion of the full circle. When the two semicircles, which form the circle, are finished, they are placed in a steel mould and kept under hydraulic pressure for two or three days, to correct any lateral deflection which has taken place in bending them. They are then taken out of the moulds and screwed rigidly to a face-plate, and joined together by a solder of refined brass and silver. Next they are placed in a hot sand bath of sufficient volume to require seventy-two hours to cool down. This corrects the differentiation in their molecular groupings. They are then submitted to a vibratory flow from the sympathetic negative transmitter, until their intonation, by percussion, represents a pure unmixed chord. The indicator, attached to the rings, denotes when this condition is attained. They are then centred on a steel shaft and rotated at the rate of 2000 revolutions per minute, surrounding by the triple circuit ring. If the indicator, on the circuit ring, should vary five degrees on a subdivision of 8000, the process for correcting has to be repeated until the variations are reduced to three; which is near enough to be considered perfect, inasmuch as the circular resonator will then hold the neutral focalization intact during the graduation of the full ninths, or triple triplets, for sympathetic association to polar negative attraction.
Professor Dewar's recent brilliant achievements, in his line of experimental research, not only have an important bearing upon one of the greatest problems of modern science, but upon the science of the future, as forecast by Keely.
Thermal radiation (and its negative, cold), the field of Professor Dewar's researches, in Keely's system comes below the first atomic; while celestial sympathetic radiation comes as the fountain head; the compound interetheric, from which all aggregated matter springs, the governing force of all aggregations. If there were no sympathetic radiation from the great celestial centre, space would be void of suspended, or floating, earthy and gaseous matter; consequently, planetary worlds would never have had their birth and growth.
The suggestion of Professor Dewar, that an increase in low temperatures might lead to the liquefying of hydrogen, is an admission that hydrogen may be a compound; for no simple can ever be condensed into a visible form. Keely's experimental researches have proved, to his own satisfaction, that all known gases are compounds, inasmuch as, when the intensity which accompanies sympathetic vibration, in his process, is brought to bear upon any gas, it submits to dissociation.
The low temperatures with which Professor Dewar is dealing cause molecular motion to cease; but the matter thus experimented upon is not "dead matter' after this cessation of motion. Nothing can rob matter of the latent energy which it contains; water is not robbed of it by being frozen. The oxygen and hydrogen still occupy their relative position and conditions, without depreciation of their vitality. Were water dead matter when frozen, its molecular activity could not be restored by elevating its temperature. Matter can never be robbed of its soul by any conditions of intensity of heat nor of cold that could be brought to bear upon it.
When Professor Dewar uses the term "dead," in regard to matter, it is purely in reference to the present orthodox theory of heat energy. Take the analogy of tuning fork or a bell; both are dead, so far as sound is concerned, if they are not in vibration;-they can be examined at rest or in motion, but science has not yet been able to do the same thing with those general motions of a molecular nature called heat. This is what Professor Dewar means by the term "dead," knowing well that the molecular activity can return alike to the fork or the molecule; only the energy must be supplied from some other source. Such are the conditions with which orthodox science is dealing, without acknowledging Deity as the fountain head of all force.
Not until Professor Dewar has witnessed the dissociation of hydrogen will he be able to judge of the truth of the claim, that for nearly twenty years Keely has been researching the nature of the product of this dissociation: leading him to define and classify force and energy very much as Grant Allen has done in his heretical work, on this subject, published by Longmans & Co., in 1887.
James B. Alexander, in his book on "The Dynamic Theory,"* makes this distinction between Force and Energy:
"Energy is simply the motion of material bodies, large or small. Force is the measure of energy, its degree or quantity. . . . The ether is the universal agent of Energy, and the medium in all motion and phenomena. It may with propriety be called the Soul of Things."
TO JOHN ERNST WORRELL KEELY.
"Palmam qui meruit ferat."
Prized secret of aerial space
Is thine! Not firmly caught
Without long years of patient toil-
Of more than giant thought.
Unfaltering thy steadfast faith,
In all its wise control,
'Mid insults, taunts and sneers, enough
To crush the bravest soul.
Such the ordeal on the paths
Of Stephenson, Daguerre,
Of Fulton, Goodyear, Morse, to which
They gave no heed nor care.
Like them still fearless thou hast toiled
With heart and will intense,
Until discovery now brings
Its grandest recompense.
Displaced all powers known, before
This force of latest birth;
So great no mind can comprehend-
No being born of earth.
We hail thee, revolutionist
From every point of view;
For from the marvels thou hast wrought
Science must start anew
Longed-for-attainment now is grasped,
Thy cherished hopes to bless;
And near at hand stands thy reward
In laurel crowned success!
Anonymous, in Cincinnati Illustrated News.