intra-atomic energy

Discovered and written about in 1896 by Gustave Le Bon and in his book The Evolution of Matter, 1907.

"With the discovery of the universal dissociation of matter is linked that of intra-atomic energy, by which I have succeeded in explaining the radio-active phenomena. The second was the consequence of the first-named discovery.

The discovery of intra-atomic energy cannot, however, be quite assimilated to that of the universality of the dissociation of matter. This universal dissociation is a fact, the existence of intra-atomic energy is only an interpretation. This interpretation, besides, was necessary, for, after having tried several hypotheses to explain the radio-active phenomena, nearly all physicists have finally fallen in with the explanation I proposed when I announced that science was face to face with a new force hitherto entirely unknown." [Gustave Le Bon, The Evolution of Matter, page 28]

"To the already known forms of energy, heat, light, etc., another must be added, namely, matter or intra-atomic energy. The reality of this new form of energy, which Dr. Le Bon has made known to us, rests in no way upon theory, but is deduced from experimental fact." [Gustave Le Bon, The Evolution of Matter, page 33]

"At the very beginning of my researches on the mode of energy to which I gave the name of Black Light, I stated that the effluves emitted by bodies struck by light are of the same nature as the uranium rays, which are commonly considered as identical with the cathode rays, and as being constituted by the elements of dissociated atoms, and the carriers of electric changes.

"Enlarging the circle of these researches, I demonstrated later that similar effluves were manifested in a large number of chemical reactions, and I was able to conclude that this production of effluves under very varying influences constituted one of the most wide-spread of the phenomena of nature.

"Since that epoch, several authors, Lenard especially, have also arrived at this conclusion that metals struck by light generate cathode rays which are subject to deviation by a magnet.

"All effluves disengaged under the action of light in the conditions just set forth exhibit the closest analogies with the emissions now described under the name of radio-activity of matter. The production of these last therefore does appear to be, as I was a long time alone in maintaining, a particular case of a very general law. This general law is, that under divers influences, the atoms of matter may be subject to a strong dissociation, and give birth to effluves with properties very different from those of the bodies from which they emanate." [Gustave Le Bon, Comptes rendus, 1902, p. 32.] [underline and italics added] [Also quoted in his book The Evolution of Matter]

"It is this energy which I have designated by the term intra-atomic energy. What are its fundamental characteristics? It differs from all forces known to us by its very great concentration, by its prodigious power, and by the stability of the equilibria it can form. We shall see that, if instead of succeeding in dissociating thousandths of a milli-gramme of matter, as at present, we could dissociate a few kilogrammes, we should possess a source of energy compared with which the whole provision of coal contained in our mines would represent an insignificant total. It is by reason of the magnitude of intra-atomic energy that radio-active phenomena manifest themselves with the intensity we observe. This it is which produces the emission of particles having an immense speed, the penetration of material bodies, the apparition of X rays, etc., phenomena which we will examine in detail in other chapters. Let us confine ourselves, for the moment, to remarking that effects such as these can be caused by none of the forces previously known. The universality in nature of intra-atomic energy is one of its characteristics most easy to define. We can recognize its existence everywhere, since we now discover radio-activity everywhere. The equilibria it forms are very stable, since matter dissociates so feebly that for a long time one could believe it to be indestructible. It is, besides, the effect produced on our senses by those equilibria that we call matter. Other forms of energy - light, electricity, etc., are characterized by very unstable equilibria." [The Evolution of Matter, page 38]

See Also

Atomic Dissociation
cathode ray
dark energy
Dark Light
Dark Matter
Figure 2.19 - Matter formed from Dark and Light
Figure 3.21 - Vortex or Gyroscopic Motions as Conflicts or Antagonisms between Light and Dark
Figure 3.22 - Vortex or Gyroscopic Motions as Conflicts or Antagonisms between Light and Dark Zones
Figure 3.23 - Vortex or Gyroscopic Motions as Conflicts or Antagonisms between Light and Dark Zones
Gustave Le Bon
interatomic vibration
intra-atomic energy
Law of Atomic Dissociation
Law of Chemical Dissociation
Molecular Dissociation
Splitting Atoms and Molecules
splitting the atom - Keely
The Evolution of Matter
15.03 - Questions Concerning Dissociation
15.05 - Relative Diameters in Dissociation
15.14 - Dissociation Liberates Spontaneous Energy
15.15 - Progressive Dissociation
15.20 - Dissociation Frequency
15.21 - Water Dissociation Demonstration
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