**Mathematics**is the study of quantity, structure, space, and change. Mathematicians seek out patterns, formulate new conjectures, and establish truth by rigorous deduction from appropriately chosen axioms and definitions.

Through the use of abstraction and logical reasoning,

**mathematics**evolved from counting, calculation, measurement, and the systematic study of the shapes and motions of physical objects. Practical

**mathematics**has been a human activity for as far back as written records exist. Rigorous arguments first appeared in Greek

**mathematics**, most notably in Euclid's Elements.

**Mathematics**continued to develop, for example in China in 300 BC, in India in AD 100, and in the Muslim world in AD 800, until the Renaissance, when mathematical innovations interacting with new scientific discoveries led to a rapid increase in the rate of mathematical discovery that continues to the present day. (wikipedia)

*"Plato required those applying to his school to take a course in*[Rudolf Steiner, Theosophy, 10th edition 1922, translated 1994, Anthroposophic Press, pp. 187-188]

**mathematics**first. Since the strict laws of**mathematics**are not subject to the ordinary course of sensory phenomena, they make a very good preparation for seekers of knowledge, who must put aside personal arbitrariness and distractions if they wish to make progress in**mathematics**. Voluntarily overcoming all uncontrolled and arbitrary thinking prepares them for the task ahead. They learn to respond to only the requirements of thinking itself, since that is how they must proceed in all thought activity that serves spiritual knowledge. Their thinking must replicate the undisturbed results and conclusions of**mathematics**. Wherever they go, wherever they may be, they must always attempt to think in this way. Then the laws of the spiritual world, laws that pass through without a trace when thinking is of the everyday confused variety, can flow into them. Well-ordered thinking leads them from secure starting points to the most hidden truths. (These suggestions should not be taken one-sidedly, however â€“ although**mathematics**is good practice and discipline for our thinking, it is certainly possible to learn pure, healthy and vital thinking without it.)"**Vedic Mathematics**a surprisingly simple math system.

See Also

**12.21 - Fibonacci Whole Numbers v Irrational Decimal near Equivalents**

**Addition**

**Arithmetic**

**Chord**

**Delta**

**Division**

**Geometry**

**Indig Numbers**

**Interval**

**law of multiple proportions**

**law of constant composition**

**Law of Definite Proportions**

**Multiplication**

**Music**

**Number**

**Proportion**

**Propositions of Geometry**

**Quantum Arithmetic**

**Ratio**

**Stoichiometry**

**Subtraction**

**Sympsionics**