Water Radiolysis

Of all the radiation-chemical reactions that have been studied in aqueous solution, the most complex and bewildering is the decomposition (dissociation) of pure water itself. Early workers had shown that water decomposed to hydrogen and oxygen, with some hydrogen peroxide, under bombardment from a-rays. A detailed study of the reaction was made in 1913 by Duane and Scheuer[109] and their results were confirmed twenty-five years later by Lanning and Lind.[110] Meanwhile Risse[111] and then Fricke[112] had shown that water under X-rays in a closed vessel appeared to decompose practially not at all. Fricke indeed found traces of gas resulting from irradiation, but on analysis this turned out to be composed of hydrogen and carbon dioxide, obviously arising from organic impurities in the water. When the water was more carefully purified the carbon dioxide disappeared, but a trace of hydrogen gas was always found even from irradiation of the most highly purified water. On the other hand, Guenther and Holzapfel[113] irradiated water with X-rays in contact with a large free volume in a vacuum system and found large continuing yields of hydrogen gas. The experimental situation on water radiolysis in 1940 was indeed confusing. This confusion is reflected in the ideas about water radiolysis expressed in D. E. Lea's otherwise excellent book[114] "Actions of Radiations on Living Cells" published in 1946. A better understanding of the subject had already been obtained within the U.S. atomic energy project, but this material could not be published at that time. (The Radiation Chemistry of Water and Aqueous Solutions; D. Van Nostrand Co, Princeton, NY, 1961)

Dissociating Water with Radio Waves (Radiolysis)

See Also

Atomic Cluster X-Ray Emission
Etheric Vapor
Figure 15.00a - Fujiwara Water Before Prayer
Figure 15.00b - Fujiwara Water After Prayer
Law of Variation of Atomic Pitch by Rad-energy
Part 15 - Dissociating Water
Water Hammer
15.02 - Liberating Ozone from Water
15.04 - Dissociating Water with Fire
15.06 - Power of Dissociated Water
15.08 - Dissociating Water with X-Rays - Radiolysis
15.09 - Dissociating Water with Ultrasonic Vibration - Puharich
15.10 - Dissociating Water with Alternating Current - Puharich
15.11 - Dissociating Water with Vacuum
15.12 - Dissociating Water with Acoustic Cavitation
15.13 - Dissociating Water Acoustically - Liberation of Quantum Constituents
15.18 - Keelys Process for Liberating Ether from Water
15.21 - Water Dissociation Demonstration
15.22 - Water is Sensitive to Thought
15.23 - Water is Predominantly Diamagnetic
15.24 - Water is Sensitive to Biometeorological Effects

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