Rutherford-Bohr atom

In atomic physics, the Rutherford–Bohr model or Bohr model, introduced by Niels Bohr and Ernest Rutherford in 1913, depicts the atom as a small, positively charged nucleus surrounded by electrons that travel in circular orbits around the nucleus - similar in structure to the solar system, but with attraction provided by electrostatic forces rather than gravity. After the cubic model (1902), the plum-pudding model (1904), the Saturnian model (1904), and the Rutherford model (1911) came the Rutherford–Bohr model or just Bohr model for short (1913). The improvement to the Rutherford model is mostly a quantum physical interpretation of it. The Bohr model has been superseded, but it helped to lead the way to a modern quantum mechanical model of the atom.

The Bohr model is a relatively primitive model of the hydrogen atom, compared to the valence shell atom. As a theory, it can be derived as a first-order approximation of the hydrogen atom using the broader and much more accurate quantum mechanics and thus may be considered to be an obsolete scientific theory. However, because of its simplicity, and its correct results for selected systems, the Bohr model is still commonly taught to introduce students to quantum mechanics or energy level diagrams before moving on to the more accurate, but more complex, valence shell atom. Wikipedia, Rutherford Bohr model

"The truth of all fundamentals of Nature are just the reverse of the conclusions of science, just as the reflections in a mirror are the reverse of their cause. These conclusions began with someone rubbing amber and glass with wool and silk, and progressed through Newton and other very much deceived observers up to the fantasy of Niels Bohr's impossible atom, which has no resemblance to Nature, whatsoever. The gravity concept at least resembles Nature in reverse, but the Rutherford-Bohr atom has not even that virtue." [Atomic Suicide, page 102]

"When the true nature of electricity is comprehended it will then be possible to comprehend why the Rutherford-Bohr atom concept is utterly unlike Nature. You will gradually understand, that all Nature is based upon the love principle which is expressed by giving and regiving. Nature never TAKES. The present concept of gravity is based upon TAKING, for it supposedly pulls inward from within itself. Nature does not work that way. Nature does not even "absorb from within," nor are there inward explosions in Nature, nor is there such a force as attraction or contraction. This seems to be an amazing statement but it is a true one, nevertheless, as we shall see when we go back to cause and are no longer deceived by the illusions of effect." [Atomic Suicide, page 103]

See Also

Vector model of the atom
Wikipedia, Bohr Model
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