# Resistance

Resistance, Electrical
Resistance in DC circuits is equivalent to Impedance in AC circuits. (see 12.31 - Heat Generated Through Resistance to Compression for complex expose)

Interference to coincident action. Non-sympathetic transmission. It is quite clear the concepts of resistance in the writings of Keely and Russell are more akin to AC Impedance than DC Resistance (as commonly understood).

"The electrical resistance of an electrical element is the opposition to the passage of an electric current through that element; the inverse quantity is electrical conductance, the ease at which an electric current passes. Electrical resistance shares some conceptual parallels with the mechanical notion of friction. The SI unit of electrical resistance is the ohm, while electrical conductance is measured in siemens (S).

"An object of uniform cross section has a resistance proportional to its resistivity and length and inversely proportional to its cross-sectional area. All materials show some resistance, except for superconductors, which have a resistance of zero. Wikipedia, Resistance

Ohm's Law

Law of Electric Conductivity
"Electric energy is transmitted through homogeneous bodies with a completeness in direct proportion as the atoms are more or less perfect harmonics of the electric pitch, but not at all through substances whose atoms are discordant to the electric pitch; also through molecular substances, when their resultant notes are harmonics of the electric pitch, - the transmissions being inversely as the temperature, directly as the density diminished in proportion to the amount of crystallization, and inversely as the cube of the dyne, also directly as the reciprocal of the local magnetic intensity." [Keely, 1893 - See also Part 12 - Russells Locked Potentials, Stoichiometry, Curies Law, Paschens Law, Superconductivity, Resistance, Ohms Law]

Law of Vibrating Atomolic Substances
"Atoms are capable of vibrating within themselves at a pitch inversely as the Dyne (the local coefficient of Gravity), and as the atomic volume, directly as the Atomic weight, producing the creative force (Electricity), whose transmissive force is propagated through atomolic solids, liquids, and gases, producing induction and the static effect of magnetism upon other atoms of attraction or repulsion, according to the Law of Harmonic Attraction and Repulsion.

Scholium: The phenomenon of Dynamic Electricity through a metallic conductor and of induction are identical. In a metallic conductor, the transmission is from atom to atom, through homologous interstices, filled with ether, presenting small areas in close proximity. In crystalline structures, heat, which expands the atoms, by twisting them produces striae, increases the resistance, etc. Between parallel wires and through air the induction takes place from large areas through a rarefied medium composed of a mixture of substances, whose atoms are separated by waves of repulsion of various pitches, discordant to electric vibrations; the said atoms sympathetically absorb the vibrations and dissipate from themselves, as centers, concentric waves of electric energy which produces heat and gravism." [Keely, 1893]

Law of Variation of Atomic Oscillation by Electricity
"The electric current destroys cohesion and chemical tension directly as square of current in amperes, inversely as the resistance in ohms, inversely as the chemical equivalent, and conversely as the coefficient of the difference between the freezing and volatilizing temperature of mass acted upon." [Keely, 1893]

Resistance, Personal
See Separation

Antagonism
Attenuation
Conductivity
heat of resistance to tension
Heat Resistance
Impedance
Law of Cycles
Law of Electric Conductivity
multiplication of resistant pressure
Signal Attenuation
Sympathetic Oscillation
Sympathetic Vibration
12.31 - Heat Generated Through Resistance to Compression (Russell and Keely quotes)