Galileo Galilei - 15 February 1564 - 8 January 1642
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Galileo Galilei - 15 February 1564 - 8 January 1642, commonly known as Galileo, was an Italian physicist, mathematician, astronomer and philosopher who played a major role in the Scientific Revolution. His achievements include improvements to the telescope and consequent astronomical observations, and support for Copernicanism. Galileo has been called the "father of modern observational astronomy", the "father of modern physics", the "father of science", and "the Father of Modern Science". Stephen Hawking says, "Galileo, perhaps more than any other single person, was responsible for the birth of modern science." (wikipedia)
Physicist, astronomer, mathematician, inventor, engineer and philosopher. The law of falling bodies. The moons of Jupiter. Sunspots. The phases of Venus. Confirmed heliocentrism. Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems (1632).